Factory guide#

Eradiate’s object creation process is heavily supported by a set of instances of the Factory class. They serve two purposes:

  • provide a safe and flexible converter system to support Eradiate’s attrs-based features;

  • based on the previous mechanism, create objects from a uniform specification method based on (possibly nested) dictionaries.


It is strongly advised to read the documentation of the Dessine-moi library for an overview of Eradiate’s factories.

Overview and usage#

Eradiate’s factories are instances of the Factory class, itself derived from the dessinemoi.Factory class.

Internally, a Factory instance maintains a registry which maps string-typed identifiers to information required to create instances of registered types. Each registry entry consists of the type registered under the associated identifier, as well as an optional field specifying which class method constructor should be used when converting dictionaries.

The Factory.convert() method is the main entry point to factories in Eradiate. If this method is passed a dictionary, it pre-processes it, then tries to instantiate one of the registered types based on the information contained in the dictionary; otherwise, it does nothing and just returns the object it is passed.


The following code snippet instantiates a DirectionalIllumination element using its directional factory identifier:

from eradiate.scenes.illumination import illumination_factory

illumination = illumination_factory.convert({
    "type": "directional",
    "irradiance": {"type": "uniform", "value": 1.0},
    "zenith": 30.0,
    "azimuth": 180.0,

In practice, the type key is used to look up the class to instantiate, then popped from the configuration dictionary. Therefore, the corresponding object creation call is, in this particular case:

    irradiance={"type": "uniform", "value": 1.0},


Enabling a class for factory usage#

Outside of Eradiate

As previously mentioned, classes can be registered to a factory using the factory’s Factory.register class decorator (which should be applied after the attr.s() decorator). Our convention is to use the type_id keyword argument to declare the factory identifier—not a _TYPE_ID class attribute.


All the arguments of the Factory.register decorator are keyword-only.

Within Eradiate

Eradiate’s lazy module import system makes it impossible to populate factories upon calling import eradiate using the Factory.register decorator: even though the factory instance is created, the registered types are not imported and therefore do not hook into the factory if not imported individually, which defeats the purpose of using the Factory.register method. Therefore, factory registration must be done alongside factory creation, using the Factory.register_lazy_batch() method.

Documenting factories#

Documenting factories requires specific steps to work around Python’s and Sphinx’s limitations regarding data member documentation. Upon adding a new factory, please make sure you:

  • add your new factory instance to the docs/generate_rst_api.py script (FACTORIES variables);

  • update the special API RST files (see also Building API RST files);

  • add your new factory to the list of instances in the eradiate._factory documentation (docs/rst/reference/factory.rst).